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Rules on the Agreement of Subject and Verb

The rules on the agreement of subject and verb are one of the most fundamental and essential parts of grammar. Agreement refers to the way that the verb changes to match the subject of the sentence. It is important to ensure that the subject and verb agree in number and person, as this helps to make the sentence clear and easy to understand. Here are some essential rules to follow:

1. Singular Subjects: When the subject is singular, the verb should also be in the singular form. For example, “The cat is sleeping” or “The boy runs fast.” Notice that the verb form “is” and “runs” agree with the singular subject “cat” and “boy,” respectively.

2. Plural Subjects: When the subject is plural, the verb should also be in the plural form. For example, “The cats are sleeping” or “The boys run fast.” The verb form “are” and “run” in these sentences agree with the plural subjects “cats” and “boys.”

3. Compound Subjects: When two or more subjects are joined by “and,” the verb agreement must be plural. For example, “The dog and the cat are sleeping” or “The boy and the girl run fast.”

4. Indefinite Pronouns: When using indefinite pronouns like “everyone,” “anyone,” and “someone,” the verb agreement should be in the singular form. For example, “Everyone knows the answer” or “Anyone can solve this problem.”

5. Collective Nouns: Collective nouns refer to a group of individuals, such as “team,” “family,” or “class.” When such nouns are used as subjects, you need to consider whether the group is acting as a unit or individuals. For example, “The team is playing well” (unit) and “The team are arguing among themselves” (individuals).

In summary, subject-verb agreement plays a crucial role in writing clear and comprehensible sentences. Correctly matching the subject and verb helps in conveying the intended message more effectively. So, always ensure that your subject and verb agree in number and person to make your writing perfect.

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